Equality Act

Last updated on: 12-Nov-2021

1. Overview

The equalities agenda has seen numerous legislative developments in recent years which have culminated with the enactment of a single anti-discrimination law: the Equality Act (2010).

An overview of the Equality Act is available below, alongside an overview of the associated public sector Equality Duty. We are committed to meeting the obligations of the public sector Equality Duty and as such, a body of supporting equalities evidence has been published and is accessible on this webpage.

Equality Act 2010

The Equality Act 2010 (EA) replaces all previous anti-discrimination legislation with a single Act. The aim was to simplify the law, to remove inconsistencies and to make it easier for people to understand and comply with it.

Overview of the Act

Overseen by the Equality and Human Rights Commission, the Equality Act 2010 replaced previous individual anti-discrimination laws with a single act to make the law simpler and to remove inconsistencies.

The new single act covers nine protected characteristics, which cannot be used as a reason to treat people unfairly. Every person has one or more of the protected characteristics, so the act protects everyone against unfair treatment. The protected characteristics are:

  • age
  • disability
  • gender reassignment
  • marriage and civil partnership
  • pregnancy and maternity
  • race
  • religion or belief
  • sex
  • sexual orientation

The Equality Act sets out the different ways in which it is unlawful to treat someone, such as direct and indirect discrimination, harassment, victimisation and failing to make a reasonable adjustment for a disabled person.

The act prohibits unfair treatment in the workplace, when providing goods, facilities and services, when exercising public functions, in the disposal and management of premises, in education and by associations (such as private clubs).

Section 149 - The Public Sector Equality Duty

This new duty requires public bodies to consider all individuals when carrying out their day to day work - in shaping policy, in determining and delivering services and in relation to their own employees.

Central to the new duty are three core aims against which public bodies should have due regard:

  • eliminate unlawful discrimination: harassment, victimisation and any other conduct prohibited by the Act;
  • advance equality of opportunity: between people who share a protected characteristic and people who do not share it; and
  • foster good relations: between people who share a protected characteristic and people who do not share it.

Gravesham Context and Evidence

On review of the nine protected characteristics, it is apparent that Gravesham is a borough of significant diversity. Key statistics across the protected characteristics include:

  • Gravesham's Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) total of 17,494 residents amounts to 17.2% of all residents in the borough which is the highest percentage across all districts in Kent.
  • The largest growth of a BME community between 2001 and 2009 has been in the Black African community which has grown by 450% and now totals 1,100 residents.
  • Regarding the working age population and claims for Disability Living Allowance (DLA), Gravesham's figure in February 2011 was 4.7% (4,680).
  • Between 2001 and 2010 the sharpest percentage increase in age categories has been in the numbers of people aged '85+'. This group has increased to total 2,000 over the period in question, a jump of 27.7%.
  • For a full breakdown of key equalities statistics on the Gravesham population, please select the Equalities Profile document.

In addition to that material, we are also keen to publish key equalities data that outlines how equalities is a fundamental consideration for us in carrying out our day to day work - both with our residents and customers and in relation to our own employees. As such, you can also therefore access numerous data sets below.

Equality Objectives

Alongside information relating to the compliance of the Equality Act 2010, the Equality Act (Specific Duties) Regulations 2011 require public bodies to publish one or more specific and measurable equality objectives by 6 April 2012 and then at least every four years (statutory objectives). As such, in order to comply with this additional element, we have published a series of equality objectives.

Further Information - Key Contacts

Gravesham Borough Council

Jackie Denton - Customer Services Manager
Email: jackie.denton@gravesham.gov.uk

Kent Equality Cohesion Council

Gurvinder Sandher - Director
Email: info@kecc.org.uk
Tel: 01474 369329

The Gr@nd

Liz Read - Operational Manager
Email: liz.read@gravesham.gov.uk
Tel:  01474 320832

Age UK (Gravesend)

Nigel Van - CEO
Tel:  01474 564898

Churches Together in Gravesham

Tel: 01474 356773

Shri Guru Nanak Darbar Gurdwara

Cllr Narinderjit Singh Thandi
Tel: 01474 350611

Gravesend and Dartford Muslim Association

Cllr Ejaz Aslam
Tel:  01474 323092

Kent Police

Amandeep Jassal - Community Liaison Officer
Email: amandeep.jassal@kent.pnn.police.uk
Tel:  01474 366506

Sure Start

Heather Robinson
Email: heather.robinson@kent.gov.uk

Rethink Sahayak

Carol Gosal
Email: carol.gosal@rethink.org
Tel:  01474 364837

Specialist Children's Services

Rodica Cobarzan
Tel:  03000 412994

Early Help District Manager

Jo Hook
Tel:  03000 416266


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